Holocaust

During the end of World War II Koolen depicts in some drawings victims returning to the Netherlands from the concentration camps. These drawings - emaciated men, women and children, the endured misery on their faces - are included in the book "Menschen aan flarden" (Torn People) written by Frits Dohmen, published by the bookstore Winants Heerlen in 1946.

...They passed in endless rows: the people of Buchenwald, Dachau, Bergen - Belsen, from Neuengamme and Sachsenhausen, the ultimate in suffering, factory slaves from the Ruhr Basin, and from all the industrial cities of Germany.
A sad procession, through Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, the ranks were thinned, and everywhere followed the sinister trail of mutilated, tuberculosis sufferers, sick people and dead bodies... (Dohmen)

 

 

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Child of World War II, charcoal on paper. Text: "War 1940-1945. For the mother of the Prinsengracht"
Koolen lived on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam during the war and the Dutch famine ("Hunger Winter" 1944-1945).

 

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    Koolen, on the background a charcoal drawing (shown above), 1945, photo J. Naseman 

 

 

 

 

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